Monday, July 28, 2014
PLACERVILLE, CALIFORNIA
99 CENTS

Documents indicate fuzzy history of rancheria

By
From page A6 | April 13, 2012 |

In the ongoing battle over an Indian tribal trademark, Kristen Mackey provided a position statement from the El Dorado County Board of Supervisors from when Red Hawk Casino was being proposed by a group Cesar Caballero claims usurped his tribe’s name.

In the 2003 document titled “Position Statement Shingle Springs Casino,” the El Dorado County Board of Supervisors said that “Records from the Bureau of Indian Affairs disclose that two unrelated groups from the Indians from Sutter and Sacramento counties, jointly referred to as the ‘Sacramento-Verona Band of Homeless Indians’ for administrative convenience, never functioned historically as a tribe, never had a relationship with El Dorado County, and were never formally or properly “recognized” by the federal government as an ‘Indian tribe.’”

The board statement goes on to say that the land that was bought for them was “never the homeland of any Indians” and therefore did not qualify as “Indian lands.”

Caballero and his group assert that the casino tribe is actually the Sacramento-Verona tribe but using Caballero’s tribe’s name.

Mackey says the casino group then paid off the Board of Supervisros, citing a March 2009 document, titled “Memorandum of Understanding and Intergovernmental Agreement Between the County of El Dorado and Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians.” The document details the money that the tribe would pay the county, but does not specifically say why some portions were being paid.

The document also states that the board will drop two court cases and stipulates that the tribe is federally recognized. The board reverses its previous views, stating it will “affirmatively support” the tribe’s Interchange Project, which the members of the board had been vehemently against.

In one of the cases the supervisros decided to dismiss, El Dorado County v. Norton, the opening brief by the county states that Special Indian Agent John Terrell of the Department of Indian Affairs, which would later become the BIA, conducted a census in 1916, which reported 34 individuals of Native American and Hawaiian ancestry in Sutter and Sacramento counties.

The 34 individuals had no knowledge of each other. As per SA Terrell’s recommendation, the government purchased 160 acres for the “landless” Indians, which was completed as the current rancheria in 1920. The land title is for the Sacramento-Verona tribe, a name SA Terrell created, and makes no mention of a Shingle Springs band, the court filing states.

The rancheria remained vacant until the 1970s. In 1970, the BIA contacted the descendants of the 34 in an attempt to sell the rancheria and distribute the profit among the individuals. In 1976, according to the brief, 16 of the descendants voted to establish the articles of association and bylaws for the “Shingle Springs Band.”

The court filing asserts that “The articles of association indicated no connection to the Miwok Indians. Nor do the articles of association address the fact that several of the original members of the band were native Hawaiians and not of Indian heritage.”

By October of the same year, none of the group had set up residence at the rancheria, and the federal government had not recognized the group. In 1979, the government recognized the rancheria, but not the group itself.

In 1980, 60 years after the land was purchased, the first member of the group set up residence there. In 1981, the BIA updated its list of recognized tribes, on which the “Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California” appeared, but, the brief asserts, the tribe, rancheria and federal government had never complied with Federal Acknowledgment Regulations.

In 1994, the List Act was passed by Congress, which, for the first time, gave the BIA statutory authority to publish a list of federally-recognized Indian tribes. The next year, the first official list was published, and the tribe was listed solely on the basis that it had been on the 1981 list.

The brief makes no mention of Caballero’s tribe, however it does mention that in 1951, the director of the BIA stated that “There are no ‘Shingle Springs Indians of California.’”

Contact Cole Mayer at 530-344-5068 or cmayer@mtdemocrat.net. Follow @CMayerMtDemo.

Comments

comments

.

News

 
County’s chief lawyer: No Brown Act violation

By Chris Daley | From Page: A1

General Plan workshop today

By Chris Daley | From Page: A1

 
Two growth control initiatives get green light

By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A1

Sand Fire burns more than 4,000 acres

By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A1, 2 Comments | Gallery

 
Fatal accident in Camino

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A1 | Gallery

Agricultural Crop and Livestock Report released

By Ross Branch | From Page: A3

 
35 people displaced in Tahoe hotel fire

By Tahoe Tribune | From Page: A3 | Gallery

.

Opinion

The balancing act: Toxic waste spreads

By Larry Weitzman | From Page: A4, 2 Comments

 
Bee-ing silly

By Mountain Democrat | From Page: A4, 1 Comment

 
.

Letters

Letter to Speaker of the House

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 2 Comments

 
GDPUD misinformation

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5

At the crossroads

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 1 Comment

 
Want more water?

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 1 Comment

Refugee crisis

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 1 Comment

 
.

Sports

Camp experience is ‘priceless’

By Mike Bush | From Page: A6 | Gallery

 
Speedway races cancelled

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

El Dorado doubles up on Pro Players

By Mike Bush | From Page: A6 | Gallery

 
Under the Scoreboard: July 26, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

Schedule: July 28 – Aug. 2, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

 
Roundup: July 26, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

Local spiker shines

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A7

 
Sports Scene: July 26, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A7

.

Prospecting

A beautiful day at Wakamatsu Tea and Silk Colony Farm

By Cathy Barsotti | From Page: B1 | Gallery

 
Foothill gourmet: Things get corny

By Donna Brown | From Page: B2

Bipolar Insights: From point A to point B

By Marcia Rose | From Page: B2

 
Cool time at Cowboys and Cornbread

By Democrat Staff | From Page: B2 | Gallery

As we were: Recreation district grows

By Ken Deibert | From Page: B4

 
Cantare names new director

By Cantare Chorale | From Page: B10

 
After 5 Club to meet

By Senior Day | From Page: B10

.

Essentials

Divorces

By Charlotte Sanchez-Kosa | From Page: A2Comments are off for this post

 
DUI Log: June 25-July 9

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A2

Crime Log: July 14-16

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A2

 
.

Obituaries

.

Real Estate

.

Comics

Rubes

By Contributor | From Page: A8

 
New York Times Crossword

By Contributor | From Page: A8

TV Listings

By Contributor | From Page: A8

 
Speed Bump

By Contributor | From Page: A8

American Profile Crossword

By Contributor | From Page: A8

 
Tundra

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Horoscope, Tuesday, July 29, 2014

By Contributor | From Page: A8

 
Horoscope, Monday, July 28, 2014

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Shoe

By Contributor | From Page: A8

 
Sudoku

By Contributor | From Page: A8