Monday, July 21, 2014

Stroke facts

From page A13 | June 01, 2012 |

Stroke is the third leading cause of death in this country. Strokes kill about 137,000 people each year and are a leading cause of serious, long-term adult disability.

Strokes can happen to anyone at any time, regardless of race, sex or age but approximately 55,000 more women than men have a stroke each year. Men’s stroke incidence rates are greater than women’s at younger ages but not older ages. African-Americans are more likely to have strokes than are people of other races.

There are two main kinds of stroke. An ischemic stroke occurs from a blood clot or when arteries are blocked by plaque or other fatty deposits. About 87 percent of all strokes are ischemic.

A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain breaks leaking blood into the brain. These kinds of strokes account for 13 percent of all strokes, yet are responsible for more than 30 percent of all stroke deaths.

Two million brain cells die every minute during a stroke, increasing the risk of permanent brain damage, disability or death.

Common stroke symptoms

Recognizing the symptoms of a stroke and acting fast to get medical attention can save a life and limit disabilities.

Common stroke symptoms include: sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; and a sudden severe headache with no known cause.

You can also use the following test for recognizing and responding to stroke symptoms:

First ask the person the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?

Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downwards?

Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Does the speech sound slurred or strange?

If you observe any of these signs, it’s time to call 911 or get to the nearest stroke center or hospital. It’s much better to call for an ambulance rather than drive so that treatment can start immediately.

Risk factors

Many factors can increase the risk of a stroke and some of these same factors can increase the chance of having a heart attack.

Factors include: having a previous stroke or a family history of having strokes or heart attacks; being age 55 or older; having high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, A-fib, a carotid artery disease, or diabetes; failing to get exercise; eating too much salt and fat; smoking; being overweight; and drinking too much alcohol.

Reducing your risk of a stroke

While everyone has some stroke risk, there are measures you can take to reduce your chance of having a stroke.

One is keep your blood pressure under control by having it checked at least once a year. Next, find out if you have A-fib and if you do, work with your doctor to manage it. Third is stop smoking. Fourth, if you drink alcohol, drink in moderation. Fifth, know and manage your cholesterol and if you have diabetes, follow your doctor’s recommendations carefully because you are at increased risk of a stroke. Sixth, exercise regularly and reduce the amount of salt in your diet. Last, if you have any stroke symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

Contact Dawn Hodson at 530-344-5071 or Follow @DHodsonMtDemo on Twitter.





Highway 50 collision fatal

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A1

IRS unveils Taxpayer Bill of Rights

By News Release | From Page: B1

EDH community unites to patch up historic barn

By Mike Roberts | From Page: A1 | Gallery

Stay connected through sheriff

By El Dorado County Sheriff's Office | From Page: B1

Bird tests positive for West Nile

By Ross Branch | From Page: A1

P’ville hires Camino superintendent

By News Release | From Page: B1

Heard over the back fence: Public swim times announced

By Bob Billingsley | From Page: B1

County gets partial refund on promotional event

By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A3

Jeepers expo Wednesday in Georgetown

By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A3

Help SWR with squirrel babies

By Sierra Wildlife Rescue | From Page: A9



The rural life: Save the day: Neuter and spay

By Jennifer Forsberg Meyer | From Page: A4

Different place, different priorities

By Mountain Democrat | From Page: A4

California rambling: Giving cities a pass

By John Poimiroo | From Page: A4 | Gallery



Ready for Hillary?

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 2 Comments


By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5

Diamond Springs Firefighters Union is corrupt

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 1 Comment

100+ years and thanks

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5

A thank you note

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 1 Comment

Prada belongs in Berkeley

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5



Sports Scene: July 20, 2014

By Jerry Heinzer | From Page: A6

Roundup: July 20, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

Season over for Post 119

By Mike Bush | From Page: A6 | Gallery

Valley View Sports Park

By Julie Samrick | From Page: A6 | Gallery

Under the Scoreboard: July 20, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

Schedule: July 21-26

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

Becker slips by in wild KWS finish

By Gary Thomas | From Page: A6

Sophia Barden wins strut title

By Special to the Democrat | From Page: A7



How to safely help a horse

By Wendy Schultz | From Page: B2 | Gallery

Railroad Museum offers a fun ‘History Happy Hour’

By California State Railroad Museum | From Page: B4

As we were: Money for home repairs

By Ken Deibert | From Page: B4

Volunteer kitchen help needed in EDH

By Health and Human Services Agency | From Page: B10

Marshall Medical Center to host day of fitness and fun

By Marshall Medical | From Page: B10

Kids parade for free admission to the fair

By Amador County Fair | From Page: B10



Crime Log: July 6-8

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A2



Betty Ellene Hock

By Contributor | From Page: A2Comments are off for this post

Douglas J. Beam

By Contributor | From Page: A2

Jerry Grant Young Jr.

By Contributor | From Page: A2

Kathryn Noreen Nolan

By Contributor | From Page: A2


Real Estate



Speed Bump

By Contributor | From Page: A8

American Profile Crossword

By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8

Horoscope, Tuesday, July 22, 2014

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Horoscope, Monday, July 21, 2014

By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8

New York Times Crossword

By Contributor | From Page: A8

TV Listings

By Contributor | From Page: A8