Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Grow For It! Plant fungal diseases

From page B4 | December 03, 2012 | Leave Comment

Smith kit


Plant diseases are generally defined as disorders in plants caused by pathogens like fungi, bacteria and viruses.

However, environmental factors such as the excess or lack of water, fertilizer, and light can also affect plant health by producing symptoms of disease.

Diseases caused by pathogens can spread to other plants. Disease-like symptoms caused by environmental factors alone are not transmitted from plant to plant. However, environmental factors may make the plant more susceptible to attack by pathogens.

The most common cause of plant disease is fungi. Of the 100,000 known species of fungi, more than 10,000 can cause disease in plants. It is important to note that most fungi are beneficial to the soil environment and aid in the decomposition of toxins and decaying plant matter.

Some of the most common fungal disease symptoms are mold, mildew and rust. Fungi usually reproduce through the production of spores which are dispersed by wind or water.

Phytophthora is a fungal-like organism that is responsible for causing root rot in many trees, ornamentals and shrubs. Fusarium oxysporum and Verticillium dahliae are two fungi responsible for vascular wilts.

Many hybrid tomatoes have been bred to be resistant to these fungi and carry the initials VF after their names to reflect this resistance. Thus, one strategy for dealing with fungal problems is to purchase disease resistant plants.

Powdery mildew is a white powdery fungus that leaves spots on leaf surfaces. Leaves turn yellow and brown and fall off, and leaf shoots twist and distort. Powdery mildew is commonly found on crape myrtle and apple trees, grape vines and rose bushes. Moist conditions actually inhibit the growth of powdery mildew spores, which thrive in temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit and in shade.

To prevent this fungus, place plants in sunny locations, provide good air circulation and reduce lush foliage by avoiding the application of fertilizer that is high in nitrogen.

Most fungal diseases, aside from powdery mildew, prefer moist conditions.

Rust fungus manifests itself by small orange pustules on the undersides of leaves. Leaves discolor and drop off. Rust is often seen on roses and hollyhocks. Prevent rust by avoiding overhead watering and by using a fungicide. Control rust by pruning off affected leaves and throwing them in the trash, not the compost pile.

Black spot is a fungus that spreads on the tops of leaves and is often found on rose leaves. Prevent it by watering only in the early morning, prune to encourage good air circulation and throw away infected leaves and stems.

Anthracnose is apparent through red, brown and purple leaf spots and can become a problem in some species of trees in rainy spring seasons. To control anthracnose, plant trees with plenty of space to grow and prune them to maximize air circulation which helps dry leaf surfaces faster.

Symptoms of amillaria root rot/oak root fungus are wilted leaves and a general decline that starts on one side of the plant and moves to the other side. You may also notice a strong mushroom smell. Provide good drainage and avoid over-watering to help control oak root fungus.

Avoid fungal diseases by providing an environment that inhibits the growth of the fungus. In many cases the control involves watering appropriately and providing good air circulation. Select disease resistant plant varieties when possible and especially if environmental conditions are likely to promote fungal growth.

Apply fungicides if necessary, but be sure to follow all label directions carefully and heed label warnings.

Master Gardeners are available to answer home gardening questions Tuesday through Friday, 9 a.m. to noon by calling 530-621-5512. Walk-ins are welcome. The office is located at 311 Fair Lane in Placerville.

For more information about the public education classes and activities go to the Master Gardener Website at Sign up to receive the online notices and e-newsletter at You can also find Master Gardeners on Facebook.

Do you have plastic feed sacks or plant containers to recycle? Master Gardeners will gladly take them at the Master Gardener office. Call before dropping them off and thank you for the donation.


Discussion | No comments



Herard over the back fence: Try fishing at Wakamatsu

By Bob Billingsley | From Page: B1

Downtown group coordinates painting, awnings

By Wendy Schultz | From Page: A1

More mountain lion sightings reported

By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A1, 8 Comments

Supervisor Nutting trial begins

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A1, 73 Comments | Gallery

Sanford murder case to jury

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A1 | Gallery

Gearing tax questions to correct office saves time

By Treasurer-Tax Collector | From Page: A3



My turn: More than a buzzword

By Special to the Democrat | From Page: A4, 24 Comments

Building restored

By Mountain Democrat | From Page: A4

Outstanding dog

By Mountain Democrat | From Page: A4



Altshuler framing

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 9 Comments

National Day of Prayer

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 2 Comments

‘Parents, be afraid’ letter

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 20 Comments

Ukranian situation

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 4 Comments


By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 9 Comments



Outside with Charlie: Transitioning

By Charlie Ferris | From Page: A6

Pitching the ‘Root’ cause of Trojans’ victory

By Mike Bush | From Page: A6 | Gallery

Pedal power at the forefront next month

By Jerry Heinzer | From Page: A6 | Gallery

Sports Scene: April 22, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A7

Roundup: April 22, 2014

By Democrat Staff | From Page: A7



4-H’ers star at showcase

By Dawn Hodson | From Page: B1 | Gallery

At a glance: Look for fireballs

By Mimi Escabar | From Page: B2, 1 Comment

Authors to share their stories

By Pat Lakey | From Page: B2, 2 Comments

Church to host human trafficking conference

By Pollock Pines | From Page: B3

Grow For It! Flower of Easter

By Barbara Schuchart | From Page: B5



Crime Log: April 1-3

By Cole Mayer | From Page: A2

Weather stats 4-22-14

By Michael Raffety | From Page: A2

Building permits 4/7-11/2014

By Michael Raffety | From Page: A2



Bobby Lloyd Bridges

By Contributor | From Page: A2

Harry Frank Harper

By Contributor | From Page: A2, 6 Comments

Marion “Wayne” Griswold

By Contributor | From Page: A2


Real Estate




By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8

New York Times Crossword

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Flying McCoys

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Speed Bump

By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8

Horoscope, Thursday, April 24, 2014

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Horoscope, Wednesday, April 23, 2014

By Contributor | From Page: A8

Working It Out

By Contributor | From Page: A8

TV Listings

By Contributor | From Page: A8


By Contributor | From Page: A8