Monday, April 21, 2014
PLACERVILLE, CALIFORNIA
99 CENTS

Grow For It! Plant fungal diseases

By
From page B4 | December 03, 2012 | Leave Comment

Smith kit

KIT SMITH

Plant diseases are generally defined as disorders in plants caused by pathogens like fungi, bacteria and viruses.

However, environmental factors such as the excess or lack of water, fertilizer, and light can also affect plant health by producing symptoms of disease.

Diseases caused by pathogens can spread to other plants. Disease-like symptoms caused by environmental factors alone are not transmitted from plant to plant. However, environmental factors may make the plant more susceptible to attack by pathogens.

The most common cause of plant disease is fungi. Of the 100,000 known species of fungi, more than 10,000 can cause disease in plants. It is important to note that most fungi are beneficial to the soil environment and aid in the decomposition of toxins and decaying plant matter.

Some of the most common fungal disease symptoms are mold, mildew and rust. Fungi usually reproduce through the production of spores which are dispersed by wind or water.

Phytophthora is a fungal-like organism that is responsible for causing root rot in many trees, ornamentals and shrubs. Fusarium oxysporum and Verticillium dahliae are two fungi responsible for vascular wilts.

Many hybrid tomatoes have been bred to be resistant to these fungi and carry the initials VF after their names to reflect this resistance. Thus, one strategy for dealing with fungal problems is to purchase disease resistant plants.

Powdery mildew is a white powdery fungus that leaves spots on leaf surfaces. Leaves turn yellow and brown and fall off, and leaf shoots twist and distort. Powdery mildew is commonly found on crape myrtle and apple trees, grape vines and rose bushes. Moist conditions actually inhibit the growth of powdery mildew spores, which thrive in temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit and in shade.

To prevent this fungus, place plants in sunny locations, provide good air circulation and reduce lush foliage by avoiding the application of fertilizer that is high in nitrogen.

Most fungal diseases, aside from powdery mildew, prefer moist conditions.

Rust fungus manifests itself by small orange pustules on the undersides of leaves. Leaves discolor and drop off. Rust is often seen on roses and hollyhocks. Prevent rust by avoiding overhead watering and by using a fungicide. Control rust by pruning off affected leaves and throwing them in the trash, not the compost pile.

Black spot is a fungus that spreads on the tops of leaves and is often found on rose leaves. Prevent it by watering only in the early morning, prune to encourage good air circulation and throw away infected leaves and stems.

Anthracnose is apparent through red, brown and purple leaf spots and can become a problem in some species of trees in rainy spring seasons. To control anthracnose, plant trees with plenty of space to grow and prune them to maximize air circulation which helps dry leaf surfaces faster.

Symptoms of amillaria root rot/oak root fungus are wilted leaves and a general decline that starts on one side of the plant and moves to the other side. You may also notice a strong mushroom smell. Provide good drainage and avoid over-watering to help control oak root fungus.

Avoid fungal diseases by providing an environment that inhibits the growth of the fungus. In many cases the control involves watering appropriately and providing good air circulation. Select disease resistant plant varieties when possible and especially if environmental conditions are likely to promote fungal growth.

Apply fungicides if necessary, but be sure to follow all label directions carefully and heed label warnings.

Master Gardeners are available to answer home gardening questions Tuesday through Friday, 9 a.m. to noon by calling 530-621-5512. Walk-ins are welcome. The office is located at 311 Fair Lane in Placerville.

For more information about the public education classes and activities go to the Master Gardener Website at ucanr.edu/sites/EDC_Master_Gardeners/. Sign up to receive the online notices and e-newsletter at ucanr.edu/mgenews/. You can also find Master Gardeners on Facebook.

Do you have plastic feed sacks or plant containers to recycle? Master Gardeners will gladly take them at the Master Gardener office. Call before dropping them off and thank you for the donation.

LEAVE A COMMENT

Discussion | No comments

  • Recent Posts

  • Enter your email address to subscribe and receive notifications of new posts by email.

  • .

    News

    Air quality rating up in the air

    By Chris Daley | From Page: A1

     
    GDPUD: Budget and GM are top topics

    By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A1, 1 Comment

    Mountain lion seen in Placerville

    By Dawn Hodson | From Page: A1, 6 Comments

     
    CTE a pathway to higher wages, higher-demand jobs

    By Wendy Schultz | From Page: A1

     
    Heard over the back fence: Earth Day at the library

    By Bob Billingsley | From Page: B1

    New top 10 fugitive could be in area

    By News Release | From Page: A3

     
    Community Action Council seeks new member

    By Health and Human Services Agency | From Page: A3

    Rattlesnake Avoidance Clinics May 3-4

    By Hangtown Kennel | From Page: A9

     
    .

    Opinion

    Retain Joe Harn as auditor

    By Mountain Democrat | From Page: A4, 12 Comments

     
    Belltower: El Niño or el nada?

    By Michael Raffety | From Page: A4, 1 Comment | Gallery

    The balancing act: Save the whales

    By Larry Weitzman | From Page: A4

     
    .

    Letters

    Tell the truth, don’t confuse voters

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 1 Comment

     
    Local petitions circulating

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 6 Comments

    Chess club

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5

     
    True Christian

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A5, 2 Comments

    .

    Sports

    Sports Scene: April 20, 2014

    By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

     
    All Star team shows competive balance

    By Special to the Democrat | From Page: A6

    Australian rugby team visits Cameron park

    By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6 | Gallery

     
    Roundup: Cougars drop finale

    By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

    Red hot Rico Abreu blazes to victory

    By Gary Thomas | From Page: A6

     
    Schedule: April 21-26, 2014

    By Democrat Staff | From Page: A6

    Rains to present at AMA conference

    By David Albee | From Page: A7

     
    .

    Prospecting

    As we were: Supervisors can’t decide

    By Ken Deibert | From Page: B2

     
    Spend time in River City

    By Wendy Schultz | From Page: B2 | Gallery

     
    Help with healthcare decisions

    By Snowline Hospice Thrift Stores | From Page: B3

    Time to enter El Dorado County Fair

    By El Dorado County Fair | From Page: B3

     
    Cantare Chorale seeks new director

    By Cantare Chorale | From Page: B3

    Volunteers needed for day of service

    By Mimi Escabar | From Page: B10

     
    .

    Essentials

    Lake levels 4-17-14

    By Michael Raffety | From Page: A2

     
    DUI Log: Feb. 28-April 3

    By Cole Mayer | From Page: A2

    .

    Obituaries

    Dianne Johnson

    By Contributor | From Page: A2

     
    Michael R. Sponsler

    By Contributor | From Page: A2

    Daniel Bish Sr. funeral notice

    By Contributor | From Page: A2

     
    .

    Real Estate

    .

    Comics

    Horoscope, Tuesday, April 22, 2014

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

     
    Horoscope, Monday, April 21, 2014

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

    TV Listings

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

     
    Speed Bump

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

    Shoe

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

     
    Sudoku

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

    Rubes

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

     
    American Profile Crossword

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

    Tundra

    By Contributor | From Page: A8

     
    New York Times Crossword

    By Contributor | From Page: A8